What is Keratitis?

Keratitis occurs when the cornea is damaged. An eye's cornea is the transparent layer that plays an important role in vision.


If left untreated, keratitis can cause permanent damage to your vision, so it is essential to seek medical attention if you experience a scratched, inflamed or infected cornea.


If you experience any of the symptoms listed below, speaking to a doctor immediately is essential. Our doctors will assess your symptoms, provide the necessary medication to treat the problem and offer advice on preventing keratitis from recurring.

Symptoms of Keratitis

The symptoms of keratitis are evident since they affect the front of the eye. Contact a doctor immediately if you experience any of these symptoms:

  • Experiencing pain in the eye (especially if your cornea is infected)

  • Problems with your vision, e.g. blurring

  • Discharge from your eyes

  • Dry eyes

  • Red eyes

  • Watering eyes

  • Sensitivity to light


If you experience the feeling that something is in your eye, you should visit a doctor immediately. This could be a sign of an ulcer, visible as a pale dot on the coloured part of your eye. Getting this checked out as soon as possible is important to avoid further complications.

What Causes Keratitis?

Blepharitis is an eye condition that can cause your eyelids to become red, sore, or inflamed. This can then lead to a reaction known as keratitis, which requires treatment. Possible causes of blepharitis include allergies, bacterial infection, or a blockage of the oil glands in the eyelid.


A bacterial infection or dermatitis of the eyelids may result from corneal scratches. In rare cases, keratitis can be caused by the same.


 Wearing contact lenses overnight, not changing them often enough, not storing them correctly, and not cleaning them regularly can all be causes of blepharitis, which is a risk factor for developing keratitis. It is important to follow the proper instructions for contact lens use to protect your eyes.

Keratitis Treatment

To properly treat keratitis, reducing the inflammation of the eyelids, or blepharitis is a crucial step. Eye drops are often administered to achieve this goal, as they reduce irritation and swelling around the eyes.


Your doctor must determine what is causing your dry eyes to prescribe the best eye drops. Depending on the severity of your keratitis, you may have to apply the eye drops multiple times daily. Additionally, you should avoid wearing contact lenses while treating your condition.


For a specialist to diagnose an eye ulcer, a sample may need to be taken under local anaesthesia.


In less severe keratitis cases, the condition can be taken care of from home by applying a warm flannel to the affected area. Your doctor may suggest eyelid massage techniques or suggest that you delicately clean the inside of the lids using a cotton swab.


Talk to our doctors about your keratitis symptoms for expert guidance on the right treatment plan in case you require a prescription, you can pick up your medication immediately at the nearest pharmacy.


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