Mucus in Throat Mucus in Throat

Mucus in Throat. Causes and Treatments for Excess Mucus in Throat

 

It can feel gross and frustrating to cough up sticky, thick goo when your body produces so much phlegm. Nevertheless, mucus is an essential part of a healthy body.

Your throat's mucus protects you from harmful organisms and particles that may contribute to illness through the presence of antibodies and enzymes. It is a sign that your body is healing when you cough up mucus, which isn't pleasant!

The good news is that there are effective treatment options if excessive mucus production hinders your health. Identifying the cause of excessive mucus production in your throat can assist in determining the proper treatment.

Over-the-counter and prescription medications may be necessary in cases of mucus in the throat caused by an underlying illness. Home remedies can be effective in some cases, but in more severe cases, home remedies may not work.

Discuss mucus in this article and why you might produce a lot of it.

Here are a few home remedies and medications you can try when you should see a medical professional.

 

What is Mucus?

 

It is common for mucus to be green, yellow, beige, clear, red, or black when coughing, sneezing or spitting. A person's mucus may indicate what's wrong with them and how well their body fights illnesses. Nasal and sinus membranes produce mucus. It protects the body from harmful bacteria, viruses, and allergens through antibodies and enzymes. Your body uses it to defend itself from harmful antigens.

The mouth, nose, throat, and lungs are lined with respiratory mucus. The mucus produced in your cervix, digestive system, gastrointestinal tract, and other body parts plays a role in giving you proper health.

 

Symptoms 

The following are some of the most common symptoms that accompany the production of mucus:

 

 

Mucus Overproduction: What Causes It?

Bacterial and viral infections, allergies, lung diseases, and asthma can cause the overproduction of mucus.

 

Acid reflux

A patient with acid reflux experiences a backward motion of acid from his or her stomach up and into his or her esophagus. During acid reflux, your throat is irritated, and extra mucus is produced in your nasal passages and throat, resulting in a postnasal drip as your esophagus tries to remove it.

 

Allergies Symptoms

Symptoms of allergies include itchiness in the eyes, sneezing and wheezing, congestion, chest tightness, runny nose, and coughing. You produce mucus when your immune system reacts to environmental allergens like dust, pollen, or dander. The mucus helps expel the irritant from the body.

 

Asthma

Coughing, shortness of breath, chest pain, and chest tightness are some of the asthma symptoms. Coughing could be dry or wet with phlegm.

 

It may be wet with a small amount of white or clear mucus; this is a sign that your airways have become inflamed and need immediate attention. The coughing up of thick phlegm could indicate a bacterial infection, which requires medical treatment.

 

Infections

Bacterial and viral infections, such as influenza, pneumonia, bronchitis, and bronchitis, can cause excess mucus in your lungs. Several colours can be found in mucus, including green and yellow. Whenever you cough or blow out red mucus from your nose, you indicate that your blood has been mixed with the mucus.

If you have been wiping, rubbing, coughing, or blowing your nose or throat too much, you might have irritated the tissue lining of your nose or throat.

 

Lung diseases

Various lung diseases can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), making breathing more difficult. Usually chronic bronchitis and emphysema are usually classified as COPD, and they are most commonly caused by long-term exposure to substances that irritate the lungs since cigarette smoke is one of the biggest culprits.

People with asthma can develop COPD in some cases.

 

Dehydration

You may experience difficulty coughing due to thick mucus lining many internal organs, caused by your body's dehydration, which causes tiny hairs called cilia to have a hard time pushing the mucus through your body.

 

Dry environment

In an arid climate, dehydration can be caused by air conditioning, central heating, or an air conditioner. Cold or dry air can aggravate the nasal passages, producing thick mucus.

 

Caffeine and alcohol consumption

The dehydration caused by the caffeine in coffee, black tea, and energy drinks can cause mucus to thicken in the nasal and respiratory passages.

It has been shown that heavy alcohol consumption damages the mucociliary transport system, which is responsible for clearing mucus from the respiratory tract. Mucus production will be difficult to regulate if it is damaged.

 

Smoking

Smoking tobacco can irritate the lungs and cause many symptoms, such as chest pain, coughing, wheezing, and breathing difficulties. Exposure to these chemicals for a prolonged period increases the risk of serious health problems such as COPD, heart attacks, strokes, and death.

 

Home Remedies for Excess Mucus in Throat

When the mucus is produced in large amounts, several effective home remedies can help ease symptoms. The home remedies listed below can be added to your healthcare regime simultaneously with over-the-counter and prescription medications to treat the underlying cause of your problem.

 

Eat chicken soup: There was a study done in 2000 that concluded that chicken soup could reduce inflammation associated with sinus congestion and colds due to its anti-inflammatory properties. The anti-inflammatory response triggered by chicken soup can decrease mucus production as the migration of neutrophils is prevented, leading to a reduction in inflammation.

Drink plenty of fluids: You can loosen congestion by drinking water, diluted juices, decaffeinated teas, soups, and lemon water.

Gargle warm salt water: A sore throat may be soothed, and phlegm may be broken up by gargling warm salt water.

Avoid excess dairy. Having a high dairy intake may result in thicker mucus as well as increased mucus production when you are battling phlegm.

Consume lemon, ginger, and garlic: Researchers found that lemon, ginger, and garlic-containing foods and drinks can ease coughs, colds, and excess mucus.

Stay warm: Keep your body warm to prevent illness. Warm liquids can be consumed, hot showers can be taken, blankets can be wrapped around you, and clothing can be laid out.

Use a humidifier: Phlegm and congestion can be cleared with steam, which adds moisture to the air. Humidifiers with air purifiers can reduce mucus production by removing irritants in the air.

 

Medications for Excess Mucus Production

Some over-the-counter (OTC) options can relieve symptoms such as stuffy noses, coughs, and chest congestion, depending on what causes excess mucus production.

Medications may be necessary for chronic illnesses such as cystic fibrosis or COPD that cause excessive mucus production.

OTC medicines

  • Antihistamines: A variety of OTC antihistamines are available in sedating and non-sedating forms that can help treat a runny nose, a tickly throat, and chest congestion caused by the immune system's response to an irritant in your environment. In addition to making your nose dry up, they can also help clear your airways. Drowsiness is a side effect of sedating antihistamines. When taking these drugs, you should avoid operating heavy machinery and drinking alcohol simultaneously.

  • Oral and nasal decongestants: An oral decongestant (like Sudafed) or nasal spray (like Flonase or Afrin) may be appropriate for treating stuffy noses. Nasal sprays such as Afrin or oxymetazoline can cause rebound or chronic congestion when used for longer than a few days. Flonase, a nasal corticosteroid spray, can reduce inflammation in the nasal passages.). You can breathe more clearly by constricting your airways with oral decongestants. If you have high blood pressure, avoid oral decongestants containing pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine.

  • Expectorants: Mucus is easier to cough with expectorants like guaifenesin (Mucinex).

  • Suppressants: Suppressants reduce the number of coughs and throat clearings that occur. The coating soothes irritation and coats the throat.

 

Prescription medications

Some health conditions, including chronic lung disease and cystic fibrosis, are associated with increased mucus production. You can eliminate mucus from your body with stronger medications prescribed by your healthcare provider.

 

These medications include

 

  • Dornase-Alfa (Pulmozyme): People with cystic fibrosis use this mucus-thinning medication for treatment and management. The medication can be inhaled through a nebuliser and is suitable for people ages six and older. Sputum and lungs are cleared when you use Dornase-Alfa.

  • Hypertonic saline: When nebulised, it thins out the mucus and stimulates coughing due to its high sodium concentration. It is available only by prescription, unlike some saline solutions that can be bought over the counter.

 

When to See a Medical Professional

Consult your doctor when home remedies and OTC medications have failed to relieve your symptoms. An underlying health condition can cause excessive mucus production in some cases.

 

If you experience any of these symptoms, see a healthcare professional right away:

 

  • Coughing that lasts more than two weeks

  • The coughing up of blood

  • Mucus with a foul smell or blood in it

  • The presence of a persistent fever above 101°F (38°C)

  • Breathing difficulties or shortness of breath

  • You feel like you're ill all over

 

A throat infection can sometimes lead to excess mucus in your throat as your body fights against it. Prescription medicine and a physical examination may be required.

 

Frequently Asked Questions

 

How do I get rid of the mucus in my throat?

Humidified air, drinking plenty of fluids, and staying warm are some of the most effective home remedies. In addition to over-the-counter medications, there are options for thinned or broken-up mucus.

 

Why do I feel like I have mucus stuck in my throat?

You may have an infection or disease if you have mucus in your throat. Your immune system's response to your environment could also play a role.

 

Why do I have thick mucus in my throat?

Inflammatory reactions in the throat result in mucus. The immune system protects the body from harmful substances and diseases by containing antibodies and enzymes.

 

How Can Mobi Doctor Help

With Mobi Doctor, you have access to online urgent care. Get an instant diagnosis, explore conditions and treatments, and text a healthcare professional if needed.

 

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