What Causes a Low Pulse and High Blood Pressure? What Causes a Low Pulse and High Blood Pressure?

What Causes a Low Pulse and High Blood Pressure?


In most cases, high blood pressure (hypertension) and an increased pulse (or heart rate) can be found in conjunction. However, some people have a low pulse when they have hypertension. Even though it may appear contradictory, there is generally an underlying cause that may or may not indicate a health problem.


This article will clarify the differences between blood pressure and pulse. Then I will explain what can lead to someone having high blood pressure with a low pulse and provide some information regarding the relationship between blood pressure and heart rate. At the end of this article, I will discuss when high blood pressure and a low pulse need to be discussed with your doctor. There is always a way to manage your situation and keep your heart as healthy as possible, regardless of your situation.

How do Blood Pressure and Pulse Differ?

Both blood pressure and pulse readings indicate the health of your heart, arteries, and body as a whole. Your blood vessels generate pressure as it moves through them. Elevated blood pressure is higher than 130/80 millimetres of mercury. Clinical office blood pressure readings are used to diagnose hypertension.


You can measure your pulse by counting how often your heart beats per minute. It is usual for a person to have a resting pulse rate between 60 and 100 beats per minute. Those with resting pulses over 100 beats per minute have tachycardia, while those with resting pulses below 60 beats per minute are said to have bradycardia.


The following factors can cause an increase in heart rate:


Physical activity: Physical exercise increases pulse rate because blood and oxygen are supplied faster to active muscles.

Substance use: Coffee, cocaine, and methamphetamine can raise heart rates because they contain caffeine (like caffeine in coffee) and stimulate the central nervous system.

Stress: It is possible to temporarily increase the pulse rate during mental stress, such as anxiety, fear, or emotional distress.


High Blood Pressure and Low Pulse: What Causes Them?

Heart rate is usually elevated in people with hypertension. An increased pulse also accompanies hypertension. It is possible to simultaneously have high blood pressure and a slow heart rate (bradycardia). Certain medications, thickened heart tissue, or injuries may cause this.


Blood pressure medications

Some antihypertensive medications reduce the heart rate by increasing the pulse rate in people with high blood pressure. Hypertension is commonly treated with beta-blockers, such as metoprolol and atenolol. These medications also decrease the heart rate. Doctors sometimes prescribe propranolol as an anxiety medication, another type of beta-blocker.


Thickened heart tissue

The heart pumps blood through the blood vessels harder when blood pressure is high. Long-term overwork thickens the heart, similarly to how consistent, vigorous exercise thickens muscles over time.


The transmission of electrical signals within the heart is altered when thick heart tissue is present. As a result, the pulse may be reduced or increased, or the heart may beat irregularly. Also, thickened heart tissue makes the heart unable to contract forcefully enough, lowering the pulse.


Heart Rate and Blood Pressure: What's the Relationship?

In general, higher blood pressure is associated with higher heart rates. As a result, hypertension can be more likely to develop if your heart rate is higher.


People with hypertension and a high heart rate are more likely to develop heart disease. As a result, these individuals need to monitor their blood pressure and heart rate.


Low Pulse and High Blood Pressure: What Do They Indicate?

Several health problems can cause a low pulse, including:


  • Low thyroid hormone levels are metabolic disorders

  • Heart disease or heart attack damage to heart tissue

  • An abnormal sinus or sinoatrial node, the heart's natural pacemaker

  • A problem with the electrical pathways of the heart


Low pulses may also be experienced by people taking beta blockers, non-dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, and ivabradine.


Is it a concern when my blood pressure and pulse are low?

You should consult a doctor if you have high blood pressure or a low pulse.


Your doctor will create a care plan if:


  • Over 130/80 mmHg is consistently high in your blood pressure

  • There is a consistent drop in your pulse rate below 60 beats per minute

  • There is a consistent increase in your pulse rate over 100 beats per minute


You should rest for five minutes if your blood pressure exceeds 180/120 mm Hg, regardless of your pulse. Please contact your doctor if your blood pressure remains high without any other symptoms.


You should go to the hospital or call 911 if you have high blood pressure and any of the following symptoms:


  • Weakness or numbness

  • Chest pain

  • Change in vision

  • Back pain

  • Shortness of breath

  • Difficulty speaking


Manage Blood Pressure Online

When you have a hypertensive crisis or if you are experiencing a high blood pressure episode, Mobi Doctor offers affordable and convenient access to highly qualified doctors who can treat and manage the issue.


Using the Mobi Doctor, you can schedule an appointment with your Mobi Doctor doctor from the comfort of your own home while you know that you will receive expert, individualised care from your doctor.


Frequently Asked Questions


When my blood pressure is high, why is my heart rate low?

If you have hypertension, beta-blockers or changes in your heart muscle may cause a low heart rate. A low pulse can be caused by high blood pressure, which can cause the heart to thicken. This can affect the electrical system of the heart.


How do you fix low heart rate and high blood pressure?

High blood pressure and low heart rate are treated differently depending on the cause. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, calcium channel blockers, and angiotensin receptor blockers may be prescribed if you are receiving medication for hypertension. The problem can be addressed by interventions such as pacemaker implantation or cardiac ablation if the low heart rate is caused by prolonged high blood pressure causing thickening of the heart.


What is a dangerously low heart rate?

The heart rate normally ranges from 60-100 beats per minute during rest. Doctors typically consider low heart rates to be below 60 beats per minute. However, athletes can have resting heart rates as low as 40 beats per minute if they exercise often. If you experience dizziness, weakness, fainting, difficulty breathing, chest pain, or heart palpitations, your heart rate might be lower than 60.


Get in touch with Mobi Doctor if you need any assistance online.



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