Most commonly, chlamydia and gonorrhoea cause sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In 2019, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported more than 2 million cases of both infections. Tests are essential regardless of whether or not you're experiencing symptoms of chlamydia and gonorrhoea, which can lead to more severe and long-term health issues.
Sexually active people should get tested for STIs to ensure their health and that of their partners. As a result, the CDC recommends annual STI screenings for women and people under 25 with vaginal openings and people with new or multiple sex partners. Getting tested should be done even if you are in a monogamous, long-term relationship. It is possible to diagnose and treat STIs early with STI screening. When potential STIs are diagnosed early, they are less likely to lead to more serious health complications.
Both chlamydia and gonorrhea can be effectively treated with antibiotics when diagnosed. I will describe the causes and symptoms of chlamydia and gonorrhoea in this article. Here, I'll explain how they're treated and diagnosed and how they can be prevented.
Bacterial STIs, chlamydia, and gonorrhoea are both familiar and highly contagious. Unprotected sexual contact can spread both diseases. It is common for these infections to occur in the genital area, but they can also occur in the rectum and throat.
There are differences between the two infections and the bacteria that cause them. Gonococcus, or Neisseria gonorrhoeae, is the organism that causes gonorrhea.
There is a bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis that causes chlamydia.
Chlamydia and gonorrhoea do not cause symptoms in every person infected with them. Infections often go undetected until a test confirms the diagnosis, which can delay diagnosis.
Men and women can experience symptoms differently when they are present. Symptoms of chlamydia in females or other people with vaginal passages include:
Symptoms of chlamydia in males or people with penises include:
Women and men experience different symptoms of gonorrhoea.
In females and other people with vaginal areas, gonorrhoea may cause the following symptoms:
In men and others with penises with gonorrhoea, the most common symptoms are:
Bacteria cause both infections. Chlamydia is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, while Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes gonorrhoea. Almost anyone who engages in sexual activity can contract gonorrhea or chlamydia, but some factors can increase the risk.
Among them are:
Chlamydia is more prevalent in Black men who have sex with other men, according to data from 2019.
Antibiotics are necessary to treat chlamydia and gonorrhea. Neither infection can be effectively treated at home, so you must have a test to confirm the diagnosis and consult your healthcare provider about the best antibiotic treatment.
A healthcare provider will discuss your treatment options and care plan after you are diagnosed with chlamydia or gonorrhea. As re-infection is common, your provider may recommend retesting once you have completed the recommended treatment plan. During antibiotic treatment and for at least one week afterwards, they may recommend testing for additional STIs and abstaining from sexual activity. Generally, gonorrhea is treated with ceftriaxone injections and oral antibiotics (usually azithromycin or doxycycline) as needed.
One week of oral doxycycline or azithromycin is usually prescribed to treat chlamydia. Antibiotic treatments are no longer effective against some strains of gonorrhea. In the US, these strains are becoming more prevalent. Chlamydial infections, however, rarely show antibiotic resistance. To prevent the spread of the disease, it is important to inform all recent anal, oral, and vaginal sexual partners about your diagnosis.
Both infections are diagnosed with nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) using urine, cervical, or vaginal specimens. Vaginal swabs are the best way to collect an adequate sample for testing chlamydia in females. You can also test for gonorrhea and chlamydia by swabbing your throat, anus, or eyes.
If left undiagnosed and untreated, gonorrhea and chlamydia can cause serious health problems. If you're sexually active, you should get tested often.
It is possible to encounter the following complications:
Among males and others with penises, the following complications can occur:
Females and other people with vaginal organs may experience the following complications:
Sexual contact, including vaginal, oral, and anal sex, can spread both infections. Abstinence can prevent either disease, but practicing safe sex can prevent it for longer.
It is important to use latex condoms correctly during sex to prevent the spreading of these infections. Furthermore, condoms reduce the risk of other STIs and unintended pregnancies.
STIs like chlamydia, gonorrhea, and other sexually transmitted diseases, if you're sexually active, should be treated as soon as possible.
You may also experience unusual discharge, burning sensations in your groin, or unexpected sores or rashes. Reach your provider if you are sexually active and have not yet been tested for STIs.
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1- Is it possible for chlamydia to turn into gonorrhoea?
Unfortunately, no. Different bacteria cause STIs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Indeed, one infection cannot lead to another, but people with one infection are more likely to develop the other. Your provider may recommend simultaneously testing for both infections or the other if the first is confirmed.
2- What is the prevalence of chlamydia and gonorrhoea?
In the United States, chlamydia and gonorrhoea are the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infections. In 2019, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported more than 2 million cases.