Bruising Causes and Treatment

When capillaries in your skin are ruptured, blood will be released and collected under the skin, causing a bruise. Initially, these bruises will be a deep blue or purple, but eventually, they will lighten to a greenish-yellow hue.


Although bruises may cause some pain and discomfort for the initial days, they are typically not dangerous. Nevertheless, it may be wise to consult a physician if certain conditions are present.


Bruises initially exhibit a deep purplish and blue colour, then fade to a lighter greenish-yellow. They will feel incredibly tender the first few days following the injury.

Bruises aren’t that serious, and they go away in days. However, some conditions warrant seeing a doctor.

What Causes Bruising?

An impact between your skin and an external object, such as a surface or another person, typically causes bruises. Common scenarios that can lead to bruises include accidentally running into furniture, tripping and falling, or engaging in physical activities such as contact sports.


As you age, bruises may appear more often due to the thinning of your skin and a decrease in overall body resilience. Something that would not have created a bruise in your youth may now leave a visible mark.


It is essential to inform your doctor if you take any medicines that cause bruising, such as medications intended to thin your blood. This information is critical for them to provide the best possible treatment.

Black Eyes

A dark bruise around the eyes is known as a black eye. Most of the time, the bruise will heal by itself; however, it is essential to keep an eye on it and contact a doctor if it does not heal or begins to turn red or secrete fluid.


It is possible to become more seriously ill if you ignore symptoms as they worsen.

Treating Bruises

Most bruises are not severe and will heal naturally within a few weeks. To expedite healing, apply a cold compress to the bruised area, reducing blood flow. Using an ice pack or a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a cloth is recommended, avoiding direct contact with the skin to prevent discomfort.


You should consult a doctor if:


  • You observe numerous unexplained bruises.

  • You discover that you're experiencing heightened bruising susceptibility.

  • Bruises persist for over a couple of weeks without any signs of fading or improvement.


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