What is a Migraine?

Migraines are a complicated disorder that causes intense, recurring headaches and other symptoms. People suffering from migraines may experience repeated attacks that severely limit their daily activities.


Migraines are prevalent in the EU, with around eight million people affected. These can be chronic conditions, as the time between episodes can range from days to months or even years. However, they may also occur several times a week.


In most cases, migraines are described as throbbing headaches, usually occurring in the front or side of the head. The condition is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and noise.


If you suspect you are suffering from migraines or regularly experiencing intense headaches, consult a doctor immediately.

What Causes a Migraine?

Migraines can be caused by genetic and environmental factors, which are still being researched. The condition is known to be hereditary, and many people with migraines can identify particular triggers that may bring about an episode.


Issues such as Hunger, exhaustion, and anxiety often contribute to poor concentration. Still, other factors, including nutrition and environmental conditions like air quality and lighting, may also play a role.

What are the Symptoms of a Migraine?

A severe headache characterises migraines as the primary symptom, but they can also be accompanied by sensory disturbances such as flashes of light, coloured dots, and distorted vision. This type of migraine is called a ‘migraine with aura’.


People who experience migraines without aura can suffer from intense headaches lasting from a few hours to days. In addition to headaches, patients may experience nausea, vomiting, and light sensitivity.


Nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and sensitivity to light and sound can manifest in both migraines.

People who experience migraines may experience nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and heightened sensitivity to light and sound. These symptoms are common to both migraine types.

Treating Migraines

Although migraines have yet to be cured, various strategies are available to help mitigate the symptoms and relieve pain. These methods include lifestyle changes, medication, and alternative treatments.


Over-the-counter medications like paracetamol and ibuprofen may help reduce the pain and discomfort of migraines. Additionally, anti-emetics may be used to alleviate nausea, and triptans are available to target the brain mechanisms thought to be responsible for the onset of migraines.


To help prevent migraine headaches, it is essential to identify and avoid possible triggers, such as certain situations or environments. Additionally, taking care of your body by sleeping enough, eating a balanced diet, and exercising regularly can reduce migraines.


If you are experiencing frequent, severe headaches or any of the symptoms mentioned above, it is essential to consult a doctor for further guidance.


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