The plastic rod-shaped implant contains a hormone which is continually released into your bloodstream and this hormone helps to stop the monthly release of the ova (egg) from the ovary.
It also causes thickening and increased production of mucus produced by the cervix, thereby preventing the sperm from passing through the cervix to get to the egg. The implant causes thinning of the lining of your womb in other to reduce the chance of implantation of a fertilized egg.
As long as you are not pregnant or don’t suspect that you are, the implant can be fixed for you at any time during your cycle. Although the time in during which it is fixed determines how much protection it would offer you initially.
If it fixed anytime during first five days of your menstruation cycle, it would proffer immediate and complete protection against pregnancy.
However, if you have it fixed any time after the first five days of your cycle, you would be required to use an extra contraceptive method like condoms, for at first 7 days.
The implant can be fixed any time after delivery.
If it is implanted within the first 21 days after delivery, it would proffer immediate and complete protection against pregnancy.
If it is implanted after the first 21 days after delivery, you would be required to make use of extra contraceptives such as condoms, for at least 7 days.
The implants can also be used during breastfeeding, as they are considered safe.
You can have the implant fixed immediately after a miscarriage and abortion. If this is done, it offers complete and immediate protection against pregnancy.
To fix the implant, local anaesthesia is administered to the area where it is to be fitted (usually the upper arm). This helps to numb feelings around the selected are of the skin.
Afterwards, the implant is fitted beneath your skin, like an injection and this process takes only a few minutes. Once the implant has been fixed, you would need no stitches to keep it in place.
Nexplanon is able to offer you protection for 3 years, after which you would need to replace it. You can make use of this contraceptive method for a long time, even up to menopause (when your monthly cycle stops naturally).
Just as it can be fixed at any time, it can also be removed any time you want, but would require the help of a specially trained medical professional. Removing it would only take a few minutes and a local aneasthetic would also be administered to you. To remove this implant from your skin, the doctor or nurse will make a small cut at the area where the implant is located and then gently pull it out.
Once the implant has been removed, it ceases to protect you from pregnancy.
Almost every woman can have the contraceptive implant fitted. However it may not be recommended o suitable for youif:
Certain medications can alter the effectiveness of the implant, some of such medications include:
Women who are taking either of these medications would need to make use of extra contraceptives such as condoms or can use a different contraceptive method instead, that would have no effect on their medications.
Ensure to tell your doctor about your contraceptive implant if medications are prescribed for you. You can always ask your doctor, if the medications being prescribed to you would affect the effectiveness of the implant.
In very few cases, the area of your skin where the contraceptive implant is fixed may become infected. In such a situation, you would be required to take antibiotics to clear up the infection.
However, it may be necessary to see your GP or healthcare professional immediately, if:
The contraceptive services offered at these clinics are free and also kept private, regardless of your age (under 16 included). Note that, not all GPs or nurses can fix or remove the contraceptive implants, so you may need to check at your GP surgery.