Coronavirus Vaccine

What is vaccination?

Vaccination is one of the significant ways to prevent diseases. Although our immune systems are doing great jobs, some specific pathogens or micro-organisms can overrun even the most robust immune system.

Now, this is where vaccination comes in. It helps our immune system fight better against the pathogens by introducing them to weakened or dead strains of these pathogens. When this is done, the immune system recognizes and creates a defence system against these pathogens. Thereby enabling it to fight against more potent strains of the pathogens if we ever get exposed to them.

How does it work?
As explained earlier, vaccines work by exposing the immune system to a weaker and safer version of the pathogen, that the body can handle without getting overwhelmed.

The content of the vaccine can either be the dead, weakened or partially or entirely inactivated form of the pathogen. Or a part of the pathogen such as proteins or sugars. Almost all vaccines come with two important contents which are.

1. Antigen: this is the dead, weakened or inactivated pathogen which causes a reaction
2. Adjuvant: this content informs the immune system about the introduced pathogen and its risks and tells the immune system to react.

Why get vaccinated?

Vaccines are taken as precautionary steps against diseases. Getting vaccinated prevents you from coming down with a truckload of conditions which can produce lifelong complications.
By getting vaccinated, you not only protect and help yourself but also the community by reducing community spread of most dangerous and infectious diseases whilst protecting yourself and others from possible new strains




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When should you get vaccinated?

There are varieties of vaccines which have been produced for several diseases and some common vaccines include:
• Polio vaccine
• Diphtheria Vaccine
• Influenza Vaccine
• Meningitis B Vaccine
• Meningitis ACW Vaccine
• Tetanus Vaccine
• Pertussis Vaccine
• Haemophilus Influenza Type B (Hib) Vaccine
• Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Vaccine
• Rotavirus Vaccine
• Varicella virus (chickenpox) vaccine
• Hepatitis B vaccine
• Hepatitis A Vaccine
• Measles Vaccine
• Pneumococcal Vaccine
• Rubella Vaccine
Many of these vaccinations are under the National Immunization Schedule while a few others aren’t. The age at which these vaccinations are to be taken is also included in this schedule, alongside exceptional cases, where vaccinations may not have been a part of the National Immunization Schedule are provided.
Certain vaccinations are also administered during the travel immunisation procedure.

The Vaccination Procedure:

The process of vaccination varies depending on the specific type of vaccination to be administered. Some vaccinations are taken independently whilst others are taken in combination with others. For example, an MMR vaccine is a combination of the Measles, Mumps and Rubella vaccines.
Some vaccines are usually taken twice or thrice, with the second or third doses being booster doses. These extra shots are generally taken to fortify the first shot. Vaccinations can be given to individuals through a variety of routes, and some are:
·         Intramuscular route: this is also known as the IM route. Here, the vaccine is administered through a needle and syringe by injecting it into a muscle, the most common being the gluteus.
·         Subcutaneous route: this is also known as the SC route. This process involves the injection of vaccine into the subcutaneous fat layer, which is just beneath the skin.
·         Intradermal route: this is also known as the ID route. It involves the injection of the chosen vaccine into the dermal layer of the skin.
·         Oral route: here, vaccines are administered in drops into the mouth of the individual
It is important to note that every vaccine has an assigned route which is non-negotiable.

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